A poignant memorial to soldiers of Napoleon's Grand Army who died in Vilnius either from hunger, or killed by the pursuing Russian army, during the retreat from Moscow. In 2002 a mass grave of 3,500 soldiers, and some women, was found and the remains were re-interred here in 2003, more recently, in 2015 another mass grave, with only 18 dead, was discovered and the remains, too are buried here. The inscription in Lithuanian and French reads: "Here repose the remains of soldiers of the Twenty Nations that comprised the Grand Army of the emperor Napoleon 1st, who died in Vilnius on the return from the campaign in Russia in December 1812". It's thought that 20,000 may have died around Vilnius, out of the 50,000 who made it that far: Napoleon had started out for Moscow with about 650,000 troops. Napoleon managed to extricate himself before the end. There's an interesting article on the first discovery here: http://archive.archaeology.org/0209/etc/napoleon.html
Apologies for the lack of comment yesterday - I had a telecomms engineer in for most of the afternoon and evening trying to fix my broadband speed - with some success - but it rather knocked my day out!
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